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Reprinted from Animals Exotic and Small Magazine



Mazuri, Primate Diet Program

As stewards of collections we are responsible for providing our animals with optimum nutrition that will help maintain their health and growth.  For reasons, we invite you to partner with MAZURI, to create individual Primate Diet Programs that will enable your animals to thrive.

If you were feeding: Mazuri Old World Primate 5667

Try: Mazuri Primate Growth & Repro Biscuit 5MA1 (High Protein/Low Fiber) or Mazuri Primate Maintenance Biscuit 5MA2 (Low Protein/Medium Fiber) or Mazuri Primate Browse Biscuit 5MA4 (Medium Protein/High Fiber).

If you were feeding: Mazuri High Protein Primate 5668

Try: Mazuri Primate Growth & Repro Biscuit 5MA1

If you were feeding: Mazuri Leaf-Eater Primate Biscuit 5M02 or Mini-Biscuit 5672

Try Mazuri Primate Browse Biscuit 5MA4 (Sugar added) or Mazuri Primate High Fiber Sticks 5MA3 (No added sugar)

If you were feeding: Mazuri New World Primate 5669

Try: Mazuri New World Primate 5MA5

Don’t monkey around with Nutrition.  Call (702) 242-1300 for more information on the complete line of Mazuri, Primate Biscuits, Sticks and Bits.  Your Primates will eat them up.  For our picky eaters we have enclosed some recipes in this issue, but if you take away the goodies they will eat them.  Mazuri, is NOT a complete diet, our Primates need additional fruits and vegetables in captivity.  If you are having trouble getting any of these products for your Primates, please call us and we will make sure you get the nutrition your Primate need.

Take Care,
Lisa R. Whiteaker

Distributor for Mazuri

Headline: Primate Nutritional Update

When it comes to primate diets, the professionals at Purina understand the vital role nutrition plays in maintaining the health and longevity of zoo collections. This concern is compounded in relation to endangered species that require optimum care and nutrition on an even more urgent basis.

For more than 50 years Purina has focused our efforts on partnering with animal care­takers to develop diets that enable animals to survive ...and thrive.

The success of this approach is evidenced by the introduction of our new MAZURI' total Primate Diet Program.... a complete product line that lets animal caretakers mix and match MAZURI' Primate Biscuits, Bits and Sticks, with fresh fruit, browse and veggies to create nutritionally balanced diets that combine the nutrition primates need, with the tastes they love.

Zoo Inspired, Primate Approved

Three years ago, Purina conducted a series of focus groups at zoos throughout the coun­try that enlightened us on the products and programs that were missing in the primate nutritional matrix. Vets, curators, keepers and nutrition­ists told us that when it comes to creating nutritionally balanced diets, caretakers prefer to provide fresh fruits, browse and veggies that enhance the "psychological well?being" of their animals, along with manufactured food products.

Why not just feed an all natural diet of fruits and vegetables?

If an animal, such as a chimpanzee, were to consume all or equal portions of a mixture of apples, oranges, bananas, cabbage and lettuce, it would obtain the nutrients shown in Table 1. However, when compared to the animal's requirements according to the National Research Council, a U.S. Government agency, it is apparent that the diet lacks a large number of the key nutrients: protein, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, calcium, phos­phorous, sodium, and iron.

In the wild these animals may seek and consume other food items to make up these nutrients that are not available in a captive environment.

Polysaccharide Complexed Minerals in MAZURI® Polysaccharide Complexed Minerals in MAZURIO Primate Diets

Minerals, which have been clinically bonded (sequestered) to polysaccharides, have been shown to have relatively high bioavailability and thus, have been included in various animal feeds. The fact that the minerals are sequestered makes them less destructive toward the other nutrients in the feed.

In general, non?complexed trace minerals can react in the intestinal tract with other trace minerals and potentially create deficiencies. This interaction can result in a decrease in the absorption of one or more of the trace minerals. Since many of the trace minerals have been implicated in immune system function, the health status of the animal could be compromised.

One of the primary reasons for using polysaccharide complexed minerals is their bioavailability. These results are an example of the performance of the complexed trace minerals used in MAZURI' Primate Diets.

Research Results

A test was conducted to compare bioavailability of complexed copper, copper oxide and copper sulfate for rats. The diets were as follows: *Basal Diet (no added copper) *Basal Diet + complexed copper *Basal Diet + copper oxide *Basal Diet + copper sulfate

The rodents were fed the diets for 21 days, then the livers were analyzed for copper con­centration. The results were as follows: *Basal Diet = 64 mcg Cu/liver *Complexed Copper = 251 mcg Cu/liver *Copper Oxide =125 mcg Cu/liver *Copper Sulfate =142 mcg Cu/liver

Bioavailability of Copper Sources

Copper Sulfate                                   100%

Copper Oxide                                      78%

Complexed Copper                            234%

By including sequestered minerals in the MAZURI'"~ Primate Diets, optimum trace min­eral nutrition is provided for maximum utilization by animals to avoid potential defi­ciency problems and decreased immune response.

Natural Vitamin E in MAZURI® Primate Diets??A Natural Advantage

Vitamin E, a fat?soluble cellular antioxidant, is located within the membranes both inside and surrounding the cell, strengthening the cells' protection against free radical attack. It may also protect the chemical bonds of beta?carotene from being oxidized.

Vitamin E deficiency syndromes in laboratory and domestic animals have been recognized since the 1920's and can be manifested in many different ways, including reproductive failure, skeletal muscle necrosis, cardiomyopathy, vascular disorders and central nervous system disorders.

In addition, an anemia associated with vitamin E deficiency was initially described in monkeys. 20

Dolensek 21 reports in several species of animals kept at the New York Zoological Park, pathological conditions consistent with vitamin E deficiency have been observed during the past years, including cardiomyopathy in gelada baboons. Subsequent supplementation of diets of different mammals with vitamin E has resulted in increased plasma and tissue levels of the vitamin.

Concurrently, the occurrence of certain pathological conditions previously observed, declined.

Determining the value of vitamin E in a primate diet is only the beginning to unleashing its nutritional power. Caregivers must also examine dietary sources to insure the vitamin E is natural.

What's the Difference?

Early animal studies showed natural vitamin E to be about 36 percent more potent than the synthetic, milligram for milligram. The international unit (IU) standard was developed to account for these differences.

Recent studies on human subjects, by Burton and Acuff, show that 400 IU of natural and 400 IU of synthetic vitamin E are not equivalent. Extrapolating from these studies, a person would need approximately 664 IU of synthetic E to get the equivalent of 400 IU of natural.

Natural vitamin E also appears to be better for other reasons. According to research by Angelo Azzi 22 natural vitamin E influences activation of certain genes and enzymes that protect against heart disease. Synthetic vitamin E does not.

When checking ingredients, read the fine print. Natural vitamin E is identified by its chemical name, d?alpha tocopherol and is present in all MAZURI Primate Diets.

Stable Vitamin C in MAZURI® Primate Diets Maintains Nutritional Value

Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) is a vital nutrient for primates (humans and non?humans.) It prevents and cures scurvy. It is also a water?soluble cellular antioxidant that reacts with free radicals in the water compartment of cells and in intercellular fluids and can "recycle" vitamin E by chemically regenerating it after it has been spent in terminating a free radical reaction.

Many fruits contain vitamin C. However to ensure an adequate amount in the daily diet, it is recommended that supplemental vitamin C be provided.

The stability (or lack of) has always been a major concern. Upon storage, exposure to light, oxygen, moisture and/or high temperature results in rapid degradation of vitamin C. Vitamin C also reacts with certain minerals, such as copper, which makes it degrade more rapidly.

Research conducted by MAZURI" nutritionists have determined that 1?ascorbyl?2polyphosphate (stabilized vitamin C) is a source of Vitamin C, which is highly stable. Trials were conducted in which MAZURP Primate Diets containing stabilized vitamin C were stored under different environmental temperatures for up to 180 days.

As shown in the graph, the stabilized vitamin C remained 90%+ of the original level, even after 180 days.

Refer to "Shelf Life of Stabilized Vitamin C in Mazuri ' Primate Diets. "



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Copyright Animals Exotic and Small
Copyright Animals Exotic and Small